Myanmar, with an area of 678,000 km², is the largest mainland South East Asian country. It shares borders with Thailand, Laos and China along its east flank, and with India and Bagladesh on the north-west. The majority of the west border of Burma comprises of a long coasline stretching to almost 2,000 km.

Northern Myanmar is very mountainous, being fairly close to The Himalayas. Myanmar’s longest river, The Irrawaddy, has its source in the northern mountains and flows for over 2,000 km befoer reaching the Gulf of Martaban.